According to the United States National Institute of Mental Health, mental illnesses are quite common in the United States, it affects 19% of the adult population, 46% of teenagers and even 13% of children are affected every year.
Unfortunately, of all the tens of millions affected yearly, only about half get treatment.
This problem is largely attributed to the stigma associated with mental health. Other reasons could include ignorance and lack of care from loved ones.
Usually, when people are told of mental health, the idea that comes to mind is madness or mad people.
The truth however is, just like every other illness, people with mental illness are all around us.
They are at work, in the office next door, at the gym, in school teaching your children, and anyone is susceptible.
Untreated mental illness could result in poor performance at school, reduced chances of employment, and if not handled early properly, increased costs of medical care.
Mental health is a state of psychological, emotional, and social wellbeing. It describes a balance between the various aspects of one’s life.
These aspects include the physical, the spiritual, the economic, the emotional and the social aspects.
One must be healthy mentally at every stage of life, from childhood to adulthood. Mental health affects how we think, our moods and our behavior.
3 Ways of Maintaining Proper Mental Health
1. Have a Healthy Lifestyle:
The positive impact of a good lifestyle cannot be overemphasized not just mentally but in terms of overall health.
A healthy routine starts with an exercise in the morning. It helps you stay focused and sharp for the rest of the day.
It would also help you keep fit which will help you feel better about yourself. During the day, ensure that you create enough time to eat well.
When you eat, ensure that you eat healthy food and stay clear of junks as much as you can. Healthy food gives your brain the necessary nutrients that it needs.
Also, try to cut down the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, drugs and other stimulants that can alter the function of the brain.
It reduces the quality of your sleep and hygiene. Lastly, take time to sleep. Having enough rest every day will help reduce stress, fatigue, and irritability.
It will help you concentrate more and keep you away from needing stimulants like coffee.
2. Work on Your Mind:
Your mind is very important to your mental health. The role it plays is vital in your overall health mentally. Accept who you are, understand that you are unique.
Having healthy self-esteem will help you gain confidence in yourself. Try and work on being a better person daily rather than trying to be someone else.
Express yourself freely whenever you can. Ask questions when you need to. Watch your stress level at all times and use natural methods to control stress.
For instance; take deep breaths, take time to relax and help others too. Don’t be too shy to ask for help when you need to.
Accepting help will help you feel calm and relieve your anxieties and fears. If need be, consult specialist organizations that deal with mental health.
If you are not sure of who to choose, you can go on the internet and search. A simple phrase like mental health Edmonton Consultant will generate the likely results that might be of help to you.
Alternatively, you can join self-help and similar support groups. The experiences shared by others similar to yours might help you feel better.
The shared experiences will help you deal with your emotions while learning as well.
3. Maintain Positive Relationships:
Starting with the members of your family, try to have a good relationship with everyone around you. Enjoy your leisure time with family and engage in fun activities with them.
Furthermore, there would be times when you would feel sad. Probably due to bereavement or loss of some other kind.
You should, in such times avoid staying on your own. Connect with a close relation or seek help from people you trust or specialist organizations.
Make friends and relate well with your neighbors. At work, create an environment that would help you beat down stress easily.
Plan and have team meetings regularly. Along with your boss, establish measures to avoid psychological harassment and to improve civility at work. Ask for help at work when you need it and don’t be shy to express yourself.
What Are The Signs Of Mental Illness?
Mental disorders are basically of two types—anxiety disorders and mood disorders. Examples of anxiety disorders include specific phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic disorder (panic attacks), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and generalized anxiety disorder.
Examples of mood disorders include depression and bipolar depression. In either case, if you are having doubts about your health or it seems someone that you know is not healthy mentally.
Experiencing one or more of the following might be a sign to look out for:
- Hearing voices or believing things that are not true
- Inability to perform daily tasks like taking care of your kids or getting to work or school
- Long-lasting sadness or irritability.
- Pulling away from people and usual activities
- Having unexplained aches or body pains
- Experiencing severe mood swings that cause problems in relationships
- Excessive fear, worry, or anxiety.
- Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits.
- Feeling numb or like nothing matters
- Feeling helpless or hopeless
- Smoking, drinking or using drugs more than usual
- Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, on edge, angry, upset, worried, or scared
- Yelling or fighting with family and friends
- Having persistent thoughts and memories you can’t get out of your head
- Thinking of suicide or harming others
Mental health is a very vital aspect of all our lives and it is influenced by many factors including:
- Biological factors—heredity and genetics
- Personal factors which include lifestyle, experiences during childhood and self-esteem
- A social environment such as the quality of relationships with family, friends co-workers and the community
- A physical environment that is one’s hygiene and state of his home or the quality of their neighborhood
- An economic environment such as a person’s job, his income and living conditions